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jueves, 22 de septiembre de 2016

Dear Times Reader, Racist

Dear Times Reader,
You don’t have to be an irredeemable racist to hold some racist views. That’s the point ofan Op-Ed today by the author J.D. Vance. 
The spectrum of racism, he notes, runs from “former Klansmen like David Duke to a struggling coal miner with some unacceptable opinions.” Acknowledging this spectrum is by no means equating the two ends of it. The racism of Duke and his ilk deserves to be fought with passion and moral clarity. The more common everyday prejudice that’s the focus of Vance’s article demands a subtler, and often inward-focused, struggle.
In both cases, however, we should be clear about why the struggle matters. Fighting racism is not a matter of social niceties or “political correctness.” It’s about reducing an evil that does concrete damage to millions of Americans – every day, still.
If you’re not sure about this – if you accept that racism was once a scourge but wonder if it has been mostly cured – I encourage you to glance at the social science on the subject, including several novel studies. The findings are persuasive.
Résumés containing stereotypical black names are less likely to receive callbacks than identical résumés with stereotypical white names. Such outright discrimination appears to explain “at least one-third of the black-white wage gap,” according to a recent study from researchers at Harvard, Northwestern and Princeton. 
In the courtroom, black defendants are more likely to be locked up than otherwise similar white defendants. And in sports – where the stakes aren’t nearly as high, but the statistics are often easier to track – one study found that Major League Baseball umpires expanded their strike zone for white pitchers more than black pitchers. Another found that N.B.A. referees were more likely to call fouls against players of the opposite race.
Is it politically correct to talk about this racism? Maybe. It is, without doubt, factually correct.
What I'm Reading. Now’s the time when millions of Americans start to turn into poll junkies. For those who want a daily fix of analysis, HuffPollster is among the best places to turn.
In their most recent newsletter, Natalie Jackson and Ariel Edwards-Levy note that Donald Trump’s reversal on “birtherism” hasn’t caused most Republicans to admit that President Obama was born in the United States. The newsletter also points out that Trump’s recent surge in the polls stems in large part from consolidating his support from Republicans. 

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